Sample Questions Listening Lecture Transcript

2009-10-21

CATEGORIES Listening対策, Sample Questions, TOEFL学習全般by.Katsurayama1 Comments

前回の投稿のSample QuestionsListeningセクションConversation問題のTranscriptに引き続き、今回はLecture問題のTranscriptです。


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(Narrator)
Listen to part of a lecture in a literature class.


(Male professor)
Today I’d like to introduce you to a novel that some critics consider the finest detective novel ever written. It was also the first. We’re talking about The Moonstone by Wilkie Collins. Now, there are other detective stories that preceded The Moonstone historically—Um, notably the work of Poe . . . Edgar Allen Poe’s stories, such as “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” and . . . “The Purloined Letter.” Now these were short stories that featured a detective . . . uh, probably the first to do that. But The Moonstone, which follows them by about twenty years—it was published in 1868—this is the first full-length detective novel ever written.


Now, in The Moonstone—if you read it as . . . uh, come to it as a contemporary reader—what’s interesting is that most of the features you find in almost any detective novel are in fact already present. Uh, its hard at this juncture to read this novel and realize that no one had ever done that before, because it all seems so strikingly familiar. It’s, it’s really a wonderful novel and I recommend it, even just as a fun book to read, if you’ve never read it. Um, so in The Moonstone, as I said, Collins did much to establish the conventions of the detective genre. I’m not gonna go into the plot at length, but, you know, the basic set-up is . . . there’s this diamond of great . . . of great value, a country house, the diamond mysteriously disappears in the middle of the night, uh, the local police are brought in, in an attempt to solve the crime, and they mess it up completely, and then the true hero of the book arrives. That’s Sergeant Cuff.


Now, Cuff, this extraordinarily important character . . . well, let me try to give you a sense of who Sergeant Cuff is, by first describing the regular police. And this is the dynamic that you’re going to see throughout the history of the detective novel, where you have the regular cops—who are well-meaning, but officious and bumblingly inept—and they are countered by a figure who’s eccentric, analytical, brilliant, and . . . and able to solve the crime. So, first the regular police get called in to solve the mystery—Um, in this case, detective, uh, Superintendent Seegrave. When Superintendent Seegrave comes in, he orders his minions around, they bumble, and they actually make a mess of the investigation, which you’ll see repeated—um, you’ll see this pattern repeated, particularly in the Sherlock Holmes stories of a few years later where, uh, Inspector Lestrade, this well-meaning idiot, is always countered, uh, by Sherlock Holmes, who’s a genius.


So, now Cuff arrives. Cuff is the man who’s coming to solve the mystery, and again he has a lot of the characteristics that future detectives throughout the history of this genre will have. He’s eccentric. He has a hobby that he’s obsessive about—in this . . . in his case, it’s the love of roses. He’s a fanatic about the breeding of roses; and here think of Nero Wolfe and his orchids, Sherlock Holmes and his violin, a lot of those later classic detective heroes have this kind of outside interest that they . . . they go to as a kind of antidote to the evil and misery they encounter in their daily lives. At one point, Cuff says he likes his roses because they offer solace, uh, an escape, from the world of crime he typically operates in.


Now, these detective heroes . . . they have this characteristic of being smart, incredibly smart, but of not appearing to be smart. And most importantly, from a kind of existential point of view, these detectives see things that other people do not see. And that’s why the detective is such an important figure, I think, in our modern imagination. In the case of The Moonstone—I don’t want to say too much here and spoil it for you—but the clue that’s key to . . . the solving of the crime is a smeared bit of paint in a doorway. Of course, the regular police have missed this paint smear or made some sort of unwarranted assumption about it. Cuff sees this smear of paint—this paint, the place where the paint is smeared—and realizes that from this one smear of paint you can actually deduce the whole situation . . . the whole world. And that’s what the hero in a detective novel like this . . . brings to it that the other characters don’t—it’s this ability to, uh, see meaning where others see no meaning and to bring order . . . to where it seems there is no order.

コメント
  1. saty より:

    葛山先生

    Reading Sample Qsの件ではお世話になりました。
    通っている学校のコンピューターではSample Qsがインストールでき、問題を解くことができました。リスニングの問題を書き写しました。もしお役に立てれば幸いです。

    6. What is the lecture mainly about?
    a)A comparison of two types of detective novels
    b)Ways in which detective novels have changed over time
    c)The moonstone as a model for later detective novels
    d)Flaws that can be found in the plot of The Moonstone
    7. In what ways the moonstone different from earlier works featuring a detective?
    a)In its unusual ending
    b)In its unique characters
    c)In its focus on a serious crime
    d)In its greater length
    8. According to the professor, what do roses in the moonstone represent?
    a)A key clue that leads to the solving of the mystery
    b)A relief and comfort to detective
    c)Romance between the main characters
    d)Brilliant ideas that occur to the detective
    9. Why does the professor mention a smeared bit of paint in a door way in the moonstone?
    a)To describe a mistake that Sergeant Cuff has made
    b)To show how realistically the author describes the crime scene
    c)To exemplify a pattern repeated in many other detective stories
    d)To illustrate the superior techniques used by the police

    10. What can be inferred about the professor when he says this:
    “Uh, its hard at this juncture to read this novel and realize that no one had ever done that before, because it all seems so strikingly familiar.”
    a)He is impressed by the novel’s originality,
    b)He is concerned that the students may find the novel difficult to read.
    c)He is bored by the novel’s description of ordinary events.
    d)He is eager to write a book about a less familiar subject.
    11. What does the professor imply when he says this:
    “well, let me try to give you a sense of who Sergeant Cuff is, by first describing the regular police.”
    a)Sergent Cuff is unlike other characters in the moonstone.
    b)The authoer’s description of Sergeant Cuff is very realistic.
    c)Sergeant Cuff learned to solve crimes by observing the regular police.
    d)Differences between Sergeant Cuff and Sherlock Holmes are hard to describe.

    Answers
    6-c, 7-d, 8-b, 9-c, 10-a, 11-a

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